medianet_height = "600"; Late in harvest. 3. All cultivars are listed in order of maturity (early to late.) Dwarf Variety . However, the following some of the popular improved black pepper varieties cultivated in India; Panniyur-1, Panniyur-2, Panniyur-3, Panniyur-4, Panniyur-5, Sreekara, Subhakara, Panchami and Pournami. In high altitude areas, dadap (E. lithosperma) and silver oak (Grevillea robusta) can be successfully used as standards for pepper. High Yield Dwarf Variety Bush Black Pepper. Though an annual rainfall of 250 cm is ideal for the proper growth of the crop, it can also come up well in low rainfall areas, if the pattern and distribution of rainfall are conducive. Popular, bisexual cultivar. 9. Black Pepper (Piper nigrum) is the most commonly used spice in the world and when paired with salt can be found on almost every household table in the United States.Black Pepper has known health benefits such as: it increases nutrient absorption, improves heart rate and blood pressure, promotes … Notify me of follow-up comments by email. The spikes are of medium length, curved and closely set with dark green and medium sized berries. 2. Shyama: Hybrid variety Average yield – 4.88 kg/vine. Tellicherry is the best-known black peppercorn in the world, produced from the largest and best 10% of the berries on the vine. Panniyur-3: Released in 1989 for high yield. Several basic marketing alternatives are available to the pepper grower: wholesale markets, cooperatives, local retailers (grocery stores), roadside stands, pick-y… Zion Mundi: Improved Black Pepper Variety from Kerala. There's no shortage of places to get your black pepper from; as one of the world's most popular spices, it's grown all across the world's spice regions, from India to Indonesia to Ecuador and Brazil. Black pepper (Piper nigrum L.) called as the king of spices, it has many health benefits. Amongst the different genotypes of black pepper,Agali Pepper gives dry recovery above 46%. The overall yield for 8 years per acre is 3000 Kg depending upon the variety … High yielding and tolerates shade, vigorous growing and has no pigmentation on the growing tip. var mnSrc = (isSSL ? Karimunda is the most popular of all the established cultivars of pepper among the growers of Kerala. Variety : Pepper Thekken. (function() { Black pepper is the dried fruit of the Black pepper plant and each fruit contains a single seed, and that seed will germinate if the fruit is planted in fertile soil that maintains the required temperature until the seed sprouts. These berries grow at the top of the vine, receive the most sunlight and are allowed to ripen longer, until the color reaches yellow-orange and is closer to maturity. Spiking intensity high. '&https=1' : ''); White pepper is obtained by removing the dark outer part of the pericarp, and the flavour is less pungent than that of black pepper. Quick growing with early and regular bearing. 8. High yield and medium quality. Swbtakara: Average yield – 4.94 kg green berries/vine. Please contact your local horticulture department for suitable high yielding variety for your region. 1991). Srifcara: High yielding. 1. 4. Your email address will not be published. Yield Black pepper starts yielding from third year onwards. medianet_crid = "442502545"; 1. medianet_versionId = "111299"; Black Pepper. Propagation methods. Organic Turmeric Planting, Growing, Harvesting Techniques, Sugarcane Farming Project Report, Cost and Profit, Growing Shatavari, and Cultivation Practices, Economics, Rohu Fish Farming Project Report, Economics of Rohu, Kuroiler Chicken Breed Profile, and Characteristics, Garlic Cultivation Project Report, Crop Economics, Brahma Chicken Breed Profile, Characteristics, Cubalaya Chicken Breed Profile, Characteristics. 2. It get late matured, Vigorously suitable to all areas of kerala. Average yield ~ 2.2 kg black pepper. 4. are suitable standards for growing pepper. Planting material-source, quality and suitability 73 5.4.3.Orchard / Site planning, Lay out and management 1. 5. 6. Black pepper (Piper nigrum) is a flowering vine in the family Piperaceae, cultivated for its fruit, known as a peppercorn, which is usually dried and used as a spice and seasoning. Swbtakara: Average yield – 4.94 kg green berries/vine. The other important cultivars are Kottanadan (South Kerala), Narayakodi (Central Kerala), Aimpiriyan (Wayanad), Neelamundi (Idukki), Kuthiravally (Kozhikode and Iduk- 2 66-70 4. Panniyur-1: Released in 1966, vigorous, non-pigmented growing tip, long spikes and bold berries. Pepper requires a warm and humid climate. Land preparation 74 3. Murukku (Erythrina indica) karayam or killingil (Garuga pinnata), Ailanthus sp., subabul (Leucaenea leucocephala) etc. Accredited / Good Nurseries in the area 70-73 5. Improved varieties of Black pepper Panniyur-4 : High yielding late variety, released in 1989. Panniyur 3: This variety yields about 1950 Kg/ha. Panniyur-3: Released in 1989 for high yield. 6. In this article we also discuss below topics; The heat of a pepper is measured using Scoville units: The scale ranges from 0 (as in bell peppers) all the way to 3,000,000 (as in the spiciest chile in the world, the Pepper X). Black peppercorn is black pepper dried under the sun or solar radiation to 12 % moisture content. The king of spices, black pepper (Piper nigrum), is the most widely used spice around the world which has a major economic value. 2. Pournami: Released by N.R.C., Spices, 10. Indian Institute of Spice Research (IISR), Calicut has recognized this variety as a unique high yielding variety and remarked that this variety has a characteristic branching of spike, which is rare feature in black pepper. Freshmarket peppers usually are sold loose in bulk containers. 20 seeds pack. Panniyur 2: This variety yields about 2600 Kg/ha. 5. Average yield : 2570 (Kg/ha). Black Pepper Varieties. When fresh and fully mature, the fruit is about 5 mm (0.20 in) in diameter and dark red, and contains a single seed, like all drupes. All Rights Reserved. Paattitfti: High yielding. var isSSL = 'https:' == document.location.protocol; medianet_width = "160"; Thomas has sold more than 5000 grafts in Kerala itself, mainly in Idukki, Aleppy, Pathanamthitta and Wayanad districts. Karimunda is the most popular cultivar in Kerala. Spread peppercorn on mat and remove spike, then peppercorn is winnowed, cleaned and stored in sacks. 3. Paattitfti: High yielding. Average yield- 2.67 tons 7. Clone already in cultivation known as Aimipiriyan. Bush Black Pepper. Leaves are small, dark green, oval or circular in shape with even margin. document.write(''); Panniyur-4 : High yielding late variety, released in 1989. In fact, Zion Mundi can easily give a yield of 7 kg (dry) from a single vine and 7,700 kg from a hectare. Zion Mundi –Black pepper variety. Fresh-market peppers are produced in Pennsylvania from the first of June to the end of October. High yielding ten local pepper selections have been identified by the Department of Export Agriculture of Sri Lanka, considering the other characteristics such as high pungency, bold berries, continuous bearing habit and resistance to pest and diseases, etc. Average pepper yield in India is 273kg/ha, while it is 425kg/ha in Indonesia, 2,000kg/ha in Malaysia and 431kg/ha in Sri Lanka. Average yield ~ 2.2 kg black pepper. Panniyur -3 : It is suitable for open area cultivation it perform well in open areas. 2. Farm gate price of 1 Kg of Black pepper = Rs. 8. })(); Farming Systems & Sustainable Agriculture, Breeding of Field and Horticultural Crops agriculture information, Fundamentals to Entomology agriculture information, Production Techniques for Biological Control Agents, Practicals on Technology of Milk & Milk Products agriculture information, Economics of Natural Resources & Farm Management agriculture information. 80 per Kg, which is purely based on the variety of Black pepper crops which the farmer has chosen. The plantation spanning over 25 acres has about 20,000 vines and the farmer gets a premium price for the produce of this particular variety due … Black pepper has an economic life of 20 years and after regular bearing for about 20 years, the vines start declining in yield. High yielding pepper line called “Panniyur-1” from India and “Kuchin” from Malaysia was introduced in the 1970s but MB12 and GK 49 are high yielding and superior quality local selections which are popular among black pepper cultivators. Black pepper establishment and layout systems 74 2. 2. Panniyur 1: This variety yields about 1240 Kg/ha. 2010. Clone already in cultivation known as Aimipiriyan. We don't talk much about terroir when it comes to spices, but it's worth thinking about. Other important varieties are Kottanadan, Narayakodi, Aimpiriyan, Neelamundi, Kuthiravally, Balancotta, and Kalluvally in Kerala State and Billimalligesara, Karimalligesara, Doddigya, Mottakare and Uddagare in Karnataka State. Of June to the end of October by N.R.C., Spices, it has health. Dry recovery above 46 % Malaysia and 431kg/ha in Sri Lanka well in open areas the first June... 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